From: Inspection Committee
The sailing instructions for the 1995 Tahiti Cup require compliance with the 1995 "Offshore Racing Council Special Regulations Governing Minimum Equipment and Accommodations Standards" for "Category 1" races. The Offshore Racing Council is an international body closely associated with the IYRU (International Yacht Racing Union), and these standards have been accepted by USS (United States Sailing) with only a few modifications. These are the standards that are applied for most major ocean races throughout the world.
Compliance with ORC category 1, as adopted by USS and amended by the race instructions, along with passage of the pre-race inspection, does not necessarily insure that the yacht is fully equipped or adequately prepared. However it does help to prevent any one competitor from gaining an unfair advantage by omitting certain equipment or procedures that are considered important for safety at sea.
Some of the ORC requirements may seem like overkill, but keep in mind that these standards evolved after many years of hard-won and at times tragic experience. The ORC is very much cognizant of the expense and inconvenience involved in compliance with some items, and goes to considerable effort to keep the standards as reasonable as possible and relevant to modern design and sailing practice. Even so, you will probably find several items that you consider redundant, ineffective, unnecessary, or too epensive to justify. Please do not take these standards lightly. Nearly every item has proven crucial to the survival of at least one yacht at some time in the past, and is likely to be important again. Compliance with all items is not optional, but is a required condition for participation in this event.
Also keep in mind that this is far from a complete list. Many additional items not required by ORC or the Race Instructions may still be necessary for a safe and pleasant ocean crossing, and this list cannot replace the skill and experience of the skipper and crew in preparing the vessel for sea.
The attached checklist summarizes the ORC requirements for a category 1 event, as modified by the Tahiti Cup race instructions. It also gives instructions for preparing the boat for a quick and efficient inspection.
The boat should be prepared for inspection as follows: _____Lockers, removable joiner work, and cushions that obstruct visual access to through-hulls and tanks open or removed. _____Small portable equipment required to be onboard should be out on display, not stowed in lockers. _____Liferaft, overboard gear, and lifesling set up and installed as for the race. _____Manual bilge pump handles in place, ready to operate the pumps. Sufficient water in the bilge to demonstrate both manual bilge pumps for several minutes of operation. _____The trysail and the storm jib bent on and set. _____The emergency steering rudder in place and ready to demonstrate. Be prepared to leave the dock under power to demonstrate the effectiveness of the emergency steering arrangements in smooth water. _____If possible, a crew or assistant should be present (in addition to owner/skipper or owner/skipper's representative) to help with the inspection. _____Fill out your own inspection form in advance to help identify deficiencies before the date of the official inspection. The inspection will go a lot smoother and quicker if the boat is properly prepared. Remember that the inspector is a volunteer. This can be a time- consuming process, and if a re-inspection is required, it will be scheduled for a time and location at the inspector's convenience. So please make every effort to have all major items taken care of at the time of the initial inspection.
Boat Name ________________________ Boat Type _________________________ Owner/Skipper _________________________ Number of Crew __________ Inspected at _________________ by _________________ date _______________ General features, rigging and on deck: _____Two halyards per mast _____Two hatches, watertight, hatches fwd of max. beam open outward _____Companionway blockable to shear line without restricting access _____Hatch board securing arrangement operable from both sides _____Hatch boards secured by lanyards _____Cockpit volume within limits (6.23) _____Cockpit self-draining: 4 - 3/4" D. drains or equiv. (6.25) _____Lifelines (6.61-62): 24" above deck, lower wire 9" above deck 5/32" (under 43' LOA) or 3/16" (over 43') Less than 2" deflection under 11 lb. load. _____1" toe rail around foredeck _____Jack-lines (must be clipable from companonway) _____Padeyes for harness tethers _____Topping lift or supporting vang _____Steering compass Heavy Weather Sails: _____Storm trysail _____Storm jib (65% hoist, 30% area, as per 10.21.2) _____Heavy weather jib (80% area, as per 10.21.3) _____Means of attaching jib to stay, other than headfoil _____Sail number on main _______________ Emergency Steering Equipment _____Emergency tiller _____Emergency rudder or other means of steering _____Demonstrated effectiveness Date of demo_______________ Overboard Gear: _____Overboard pole, drogue, light, whistle (11.52) _____Lifesling with attached light, installed _____Heaving line (50 ft. 1/4" floating line) _____Annual person-overboard practice Date of practice_______________ Liferaft: _____Liferaft (11.4) Manufacturer____________________ capacity_________ _____LIferaft inventory Model_______________ serial no._________________ _____Liferaft certificate Serviced by__________________ date_________ _____Name on liferaft or attached to painter General Features, Interior: _____Head _____Stove _____Galley _____Mast step secured to structure (if keel stepped mast) _____Hand holds "Ship systems" and tankage: _____Starting battery _____Shutoff valves on all fuel tanks _____Valves on all through-hulls (with exceptions, 6.51) _____Wood plugs (preferably attached to through-hulls) _____Water tanks, two independent tanks with pumps _____Two fire extinguishers _____Manual bilge pump, operable from inside _____Inside pump operation test _____Manual bilge pump, operable from outside _____Outside pump operation test _____Lanyards on bilge pump handles _____Two anchors _____Navigation lights (9.8) _____Emergency navigation lights, separate power source (10.1) Signal Flares: _____12 SOLAS red parachute flares Exp. date__________ _____4 SOLAS red hand flares Exp. date__________ _____4 white hand flares Exp. date__________ _____2 SOLAS orange smoke flares Exp. date__________ Water on Board: _____Water, 30 gallons per crew for _____ crew = _________ gallons required Tank #1 __________ gallons Tank #2 __________ gallons _____ containers of _____ gallons each = __________ gallons _____ containers of _____ gallons each = __________ gallons _____ containers of _____ gallons each = __________ gallons total = __________ gallons _____Sealed emergency water: 2 gallons per crew for _____ crew = __________ gallons Electronics: _____VHF with channels 6, 16, 68, 71, 72 _____VHF emergency antenna _____Waterproof hand-held VHF (or portable with purpose-built bag) _____SSB radio _____Req'd freqs: 2182, 4146(4A), 8294(8A), 8297(8B), ITU 816(8240/8764) _____Emergency SSB antenna _____EPIRB (in add. to EPIRP packed with raft, if any) Exp. date__________ EPIRB registration (if 406 EPIRP) Reg. No.__________ _____Weather radio _____RDF or other automatic position-finding device _____Depth sounder (or lead line) _____Speedometer or distance measuring equipment Misc. Equipment: _____Two buckets _____Flashlights, including waterproof and signaling flashlights _____First aid kit and manual _____Foghorn _____Radar reflector (12" diameter) _____Spare compass _____Charts, Light list, plotting equipment _____Sextant, tables, timepiece _____Name on misc. buoyant equipment _____Lifejackets, one per crew, type I or inspected inflatable _____Whistle attached to lifejackets _____Reflective material on lifejackets _____Harness, one per crew, shackle at harness end (11.2) _____Tools and spare parts, including method of disconnecting rigging _____Banding Tool